Unit 7

In this unit you will learn:

  • Read
  • Vocabulary
  • Video
  • Practice
  • Skills
  • Practice 2
  • Culture
  • Self-assessment
To structure your presentation clearly, use:
  1. Signposting
  2. Signalling
  3. Summarising

1. Signposting
When you signpost you highlight the key points of your presentation.

THE THINGS YOU NEED TO INCLUDE THE LANGUAGE YOU NEED TO USE
MY PROJECT TITLE The title of my project is�.
THE DURATION OF MY PRESENTATION My presentation will last about five minutes.
My presentation will take about ten minutes.
MY MAIN POINTS

I'll make four main points.
First I'll introduce my project briefly.
Then I'll describe it in more detail.
Then I'll demonstrate how it works.
And finally I'll tell you the results.
And finally I'll tell you what we have learned.

QUESTIONS

If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to interrupt.
If you have any questions I'll be happy to answer them at the end of my presentation.

2. Signalling

When you signal you tell the audience what point you have reached in your presentation.

SIGNAL LANGUAGE
First point So let me start with my first point. Introduction.
That was my first point.
Second point Let me move on to my second point.
I'll describe my project in a bit more detail.
That was my second point.
Third point Moving on to my third point. Now let me demonstrate how my project works.
That was my demonstration.
Fourth point So my final point is, what results did we get?
That was my fourth point.

3. Summarising
At the end of your presentation you need to summarise what you have said. This helps the audience remember what you have said and focus on the main points.
In a summary you need to do three things.

SUMMARY LANGUAGE
YOUR KEY POINTS In summary I made four main points.
First, I introduced the project. I said it was�
Secondly, I described it in a bit more detail. I said it �
Thirdly I demonstrated how the project worked on the computer and with the poster.
Finally, I talked about the results.
YOUR CONCLUSION
Why your project is important
In conclusion I think my project is important because �
QUESTIONS That's my presentation. Thank you for listening.
Any questions?
If you have any questions I'll be delighted to answer them.

 

Now read the example. Put each sentence or phrase in the appropriate box.

Match the words to the definitions.

Two educators, Joyce from Taiwan and Doug from the USA, talk about what they like about presentations and what they need to improve. Listen to what they say and put it in the appropriate box.

Drag �will', �won't' or �going to' into the sentences.

Notes

Form

Will
Future tense
I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they will go.

Won't
Won't = will not
Future tense negative
I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they won't go.

I am, you are, we are, you are, they are going to go soon.
He/she/it is going to go soon.

Use

Will/won't = I predict it will happen
= the future

going to = it will happen soon.
= I have planned it will happen.

Drag �may' or �might' into the sentences.

Notes

Form:
I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they MAY go.
I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they MIGHT go.

Use:
�May' and �might' both say what is possible.

Their use is similar but there are two differences.

�Might' is not as possible as �may'.
Example:
I may go (I think I will go.)
I might go. (It is possible that I will go but not sure.)
We use �May' to make offers or ask permission.
Example:
May I help you?
May I go now?

Put these sentences in the right order.

Notes:
Use these words to signpost where you are in your presentation:

First, secondly, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth etc.

Note that we say:
First
Secondly
Third

We can use �then' and �next' at any point.

Match the answer to the question

Notes
When someone asks you a question which needs a �yes' or �no' answer, you can say:
Yes
No
Or you can be more polite and give a short answer.
Yes, I am.
No, I don't.
It's easy to decide which tense to use for a short answer � you use the same tense as the question.
Are you an educator? Yes, I am.
Do you teach science? Yes, I do.
If the answer is negative, use the negative form.
Are you an educator? No, I'm not.
Do you teach science? No, I don't.

Click the correct ending to fit these words. If there is no change, click �NO CHANGE'.

Notes
Adverbs tell you HOW things happen.

Form
We usually form an adverb by adding �ly to the adjective.
E.g.
Quick � quickly.
Slow - slowly.
Grammatical - grammatically.

But when an adjective ends in �y, we lose the �y and add �ily,
E.g.
Easy � easily

Most important: many words never change their form when they are adverbs.
These are often adverbs which describe TIME, PLACE and STYLE.
TIME
Soon
PLACE
Tomorrow
STYLE
Hard, fast.
You must learn these.

Should/shouldn't � choose the good advice (should) and the bad advice (shouldn't)

Notes
Should/shouldn't

Form
I/you/he/she/it/we/you/they SHOULD do this.
I/you/he/she/it/we/you/they SHOULDN'T do this.
(Shouldn't =should not)

Use
We use �should' and �shouldn't' to give advice.
We use �must' and �mustn't' to give orders or instructions.
We use �need', �don't need' and �needn't' to say what is necessary (or not necessary).

How to answer questions

You will have to answer questions about your presentation. It may be to individuals or to a group. It will probably be in a noisy room.

These four tips will help you answer questions:
  1. Thank the person: Thank you for the question.
  2. Repeat the question in your own words � then you can be sure you have understood it:
    So, the question was�
  3. Answer the question:
    The answer is�
  4. Check you have answered the question:
    Does that answer your question?
ASK LANGUAGE
Thank Thank you for the question.
Repeat The question was...
Answer The answer is...
Check Does that answer your question?

What to do when you don't know the answer.

When you don't know the answer you should say you don't know. Then you can do three things:

  1. Refer the person to FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions), a URL or website:
    I don't have the answer to hand but you can find it in the FAQs on our website.
  2. Refer them to someone who might know the answer:
    I don't have the answer to hand but you can ask (INSERT NAME)
  3. Say you'll find out and email them with the answer:
    I don't have the answer to hand but give me your business card/email and I'll get back to you.
�DON'T KNOW' LANGUAGE
Don't know: I'm sorry. I don't know.
FAQs:

I don't have the answer to that question to hand but you can find it in the FAQs on our website.
I don't have the answer to that question to hand but you can refer to the website at ��.

Talk to: I don't have the answer to hand but you can ask �..
Take details: I don't have the answer to hand but give me your business card/email and I'll get back to you.

Read -TIP!
When someone asks you a difficult question, you mustn't answer personally.
Here are two ways to make the answer impersonal.

IMPERSONAL LANGUAGE DON'T SAY THIS.
Thank you for THE question. Thank you for my question.
Does THAT answer the question? Have I answered your question?
I don't have the answer TO hand. I don't have the answer.
I don't know.

Put the sentences in the appropriate box.

 

Listen to this presentation. Put the paragraphs in the correct order.

Listen - Match the questioner and the presenter.

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Listen to the conversation and decide. Is each sentence below TRUE or FALSE?

Take a minute to reflect on what you have just learned.

  • What did you understand in this section?
  • What do you think you can revise and what do you want to practise again?